We use 96% natural ingredients and safe synthetics
Every single ingredient in our skincare is listed with a description below
We encourage you to learn about what's going into your products
Green Tea is a potent antioxidant which helps fight free radical damage from pollution, UV rays and other harmful components. It also soothes damaged skin and has great anti-ageing benefits.
Research has established that topical application of green tea leaves or extracts have many benefits for skin, including anti-ageing properties. The polyphenols in green tea possess potent antioxidant and skin-soothing properties, and show significant promise for improving the appearance of sun-damaged skin.
Green tea fights skin cancer by promoting DNA repair. It has a powerful antioxidant called EGCG that fights DNA damage from UV rays to prevent skin cancer.
Green tea extract and tea bags naturally contain some caffeine, a known vasoconstrictor, which can help reduce puffiness of dark circles and bloating of the face when applied topically. Paired with green tea EGCG’s anti-inflammatory properties, green tea extract is an extremely effective way to reduce swelling and redness of the skin.
When used consistently as part of your regular skincare regimen, green tea extract can have a phenomenal impact on skin health. By increasing your skin’s ability to retain moisture over time and reducing inflammation, you will see subtle improvements in your skin complexion within the first few weeks of use.
Scientific name: Cameillia sinesis
Antioxidant | Anti-aging | Free radical damage
Ginkgo Biloba is a powerful antioxidant that helps skin health. It has strong anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties which helps to treat acne, eczema, or other types of facial redness and inflammation.
It's known to help with skin texture and also protects skin from harmful UVB rays.
Ginkgo Biloba also helps with reducing the appearance of pigmentation and dark spots
Ginkgo Biloba is extremely rich in Vitamin E which will prevent from skin problems such as scars, stretch marks, acne, patchiness and pimples.
Also known for its anti-ageing benefits, Ginkgo Biloba works to reclaim youthful-looking skin, decreasing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
The tree has a reputation for being “tough” and able to withstand difficult environments, as it is resistant to disease and insects, though it grows best in soils that are well watered and well drained.
Extracts from ginkgo leaves have also shown to help with oily skin and clogged pores as well as for people with sensitive skin.
Finally, ginkgo is a natural cleanser. This means it can help clean the skin of dirt, oils, impurities and other debris. Some cleansing masks are including ginkgo already for this purpose.
Scientific name: Ginkgo Biloba
Anti Ageing | Anti inflammatory | Pigmentation
A popular herbal supplement said to help with all kinds of issues—from enhancing memory and physical stamina to defending against illnesses. Applied to skin, ginseng root delivers numerous antioxidant compounds, including various flavonoids, as well as being a decent source of B vitamins. Research has also shown that topical application of ginseng root boosts skin hydration, diminishes rough texture, helps fade uneven skin tone, and help visibly improve wrinkles by working within skin to bolster its natural firmness.
No matter what your skin type is or what your concerns with your complexion may be, chances are, ginseng can probably assist you. That's because ginseng is a natural skin balancer,
Ginseng's popularity in Korean skin care, in particular, dates back to the early 1500s. Legend has it that ginseng was the biggest skin-care secret of Hwang Jini, known as the most beautiful woman of the Joseon Dynasty.
Even more impressively, several studies have found that ginseng is effective in increasing the production of collagen in the skin's dermis, firming, toning and plumping skin and diminishing wrinkles and fine lines. No matter what your skin type is or what your concerns with your complexion may be, chances are, ginseng can probably assist you. And if sensitive skin is your worry, ginseng's natural anti-inflammatory properties help quell redness.
Scientific name: Ginseng
Anti Ageing | Anti Oxidant | Skin Balancing
Bilberry is one of the best sources of antioxidant compounds known as anthocyanins, polyphenolic chemicals that give bilberries their dark colour. Not surprisingly, bilberries are similar to blueberries. Applied to skin, bilberry is known to strengthen skin against signs of redness, likely due to its calming properties.
Bilberry can also boost skin’s environmental defenses in the presence of UVA light.
Bilberry protects, nourishes, tightens, brightens and beautifies the skin. Bilberry works as a tonic and astringent and assists with tightening the skin. Bilberry oil from the bilberry seeds contains tocotrienols, tocopherols and offers nourishment to the skin. The strong antioxidants especially the anthocyanins help to protect the skin from UVA radiation.
Bilberry contains the potent anti-aging benefits of several antioxidants including resveratrol and quercetin as well as vitamins B, C and E. This extract effectively conditions and boosts the strength of skin tissue while its significant anthocyanoside content (a flavonoid) strengthens capillaries. It is particularly good for strengthening the delicate tissue
Bilberry in skin care products promotes vital, radiant, soft, supple and firmer skin. Bilberry is excellent for most skin types and does particularly well with sensitive and mature skin.
Scientific name: Vaccinium myrtillus
Hydrating | Soothing | Protects
Bearberry Bark is a great anti-Inflammatory and also a potent anti oxidant that will protect your skin for free radical damage stresses.
Bearberries also play a role in treating acne, inflamed bumps and pimples. Specifically, berberine and other compounds in bearberries may help fight inflammation and infections associated with acne. Studies show bearberry’s skin-brightening effect is due to its high concentration of arbutin.
A common skin care ailment that many people struggle with is skin discolouration. Whether the discolouration is from sun spots, age spots, acne scars or an uneven skin tone–we’ve all been hit with it at one point or another. Barberry is great to treat pigmentation.
Bearberry extract is made from the leaves of the bearberry plant. It is commonly used as an astringent in cosmetic preparations and skin care products. It is also used as a lightening agent to fade freckles or skin discoloration which may be caused by sun damage or hormonal conditions.
Bearberry extract is reputed to have antibacterial and antioxidant properties that may be beneficial for cleansing the skin and improving its appearance.
Scientific name: Berberis vulgaris
Treat Acne | Anti-inflammatory | Antioxidant
Cranberries’ high antioxidant content is essential for protecting skin against damaging environmental stressors. Cranberries are incredibly high in polyphenols and Vitamins C and E, which effectively fight free radicals to minimises the visible signs of ageing, including fine lines and wrinkles, hyper-pigmentation and loss of elasticity. Vitamin C, in particular, is crucial to the production of collagen These nutritious berries are also a natural source of flavonoids (an antioxidant) and salicylic acid (a beta hydroxy acid or BHA). Each of these ingredients has astringent and antiseptic properties that reduce sebum, clear pores and minimize the look of pimples.
The acid in cranberries acts as an exfoliant and vitamins like A and C help boost collagen production. For centuries, cranberries have been valued for the medicinal, antioxidant properties and anti-ageing benefits.
It enhances cell power, defends your skin against environmental damage due to high concentrations of antioxidants such as vitamin C, B and B-5. Because of its amazing capabilities to protect the skin, cranberry is also among winter treatments to protect your skin against harsh winter conditions. It is beneficial for all skin types but those who have damaged and rough, dull skin can reap huge benefits as it is used as a potent antiseptic and to brighten your skin’s appearance as well.
Scientific name: Vaccinium Macrocarpon
Anti Ageing | Anti Oxidant | Pore minimising
Quandong is a native Australian fruit used throughout the ages by Aboriginal communities for its healing and nutritious properties. Also known as Desert Peach, the fruit contains powerful antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It is a powerful antioxidant which helps hydrate the skin and reduce pigmentation while helping look younger.
Containing twice the amount of natural vitamin C than an orange (second only to Kakadu plum in plant-based vitamin C content), Quandong helps to stimulate collagen production to plump up the skin, reduce dark circles and soften fine lines.
It also protects against free radical damage that damages and dehydrates delicate skin cells to slow down the visible signs of ageing.
Quandong, the Australian super fruit, with its phenolic acids provides similar benefits to Alpha Hydroxy Acids - gently exfoliating and rejuvenating the skin. Natural actives include: Vitamin C, Ferulic Acid, Rutin, Tryptophan and Phenolic acid.
With twice the vitamin C of an orange, the Quandong fruit delivers big time on this crucial vitamin for skin health. Getting quality doses of vitamin C helps boost collagen production, keeping skin plump and wrinkles at bay. It also helps protect skin from the damaging effects of the sun's UVB and UVA rays. We don’t need to tell you how important daily sunscreen is, but you can also bump up your protection by making sure vitamin C is included in your skincare. Along with vitamin C, vitamin E is an antioxidant on the front line when it comes to defending your skin from aggravators like pollution, stress, smoke and less-than-healthy foods. Found in Quandong, this skin-saving vitamin forms a barrier around cells to keep them hydrated and healthy. Like rutin, vitamin E is also highly anti-inflammatory and relieve itchy, dry, red skin.
Scientific name: Quandong
Anti Ageing | Anti Oxidant | Brightening
Kakadu Plum is a native Australian fruit historically used by Aboriginal people for its healing properties. Over recent years, the popularity of Kakadu Plum as an active ingredient in skincare has risen significantly with many retailers now boasting the benefits of Kakadu Plum in their products.
As consumers, you should be paying attention to this modern-day miracle ingredient! Kakadu Plum is a potent source of vitamin C, which is key to reducing the visible signs of ageing.While the first fruit that comes to mind when you think of vitamin C is generally an orange, Kakadu Plum contains up to 75 times more vitamin C than the well-known citrus fruit!
Natural vitamin C stimulates the growth of collagen in the skin to increase suppleness, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, plump the skin under the eye to reduce dark circles and improve skin elasticity contributing to a more youthful glow.
We love plant-based vitamin C in skincare but be wary of synthetic vitamin C (often labelled as ascorbic acid or L-ascorbic acid), as any benefits to the skin achieved with this ingredient are purely synthetic.
Kakadu plum is great for every skin type, but particularly those with blemish prone skin, as this fruit is high in antioxidants that work to detoxify and flush out toxins.
Let’s get one thing straight – sunburn is never OK! But we understand that it does happen and when it does, Kakadu Plum can be your best friend. Kakadu Plum has evolved to survive the unforgiving outback environment so it’s developed a natural resistance to the harsh effects of the sun that can be passed on to skin.
Scientific name: Kakadu plum
Plumps | Reduces pigmentation | Youthfulness
Kelp's major benefits for skin come in its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Anti-oxidants are known to help protect your skin against UVA rays, Xtreme environments and daily pollution. Protecting your skin daily from external factors will help it maintain it's elasticity, reduce wrinkles, and keep it looking younger.
Anti-inflammatory properties help reduce redness and irritation from the environment, dryness, and existing skin conditions prone to flares or breakouts (ex: eczema, psoriasis, acne).
Kelp is also a moisturizer. Its high mineral content helps the skin (and hair) retain moisture, reducing the impact of temperature changes and exposure to nature's elements. Algae are very simple, chlorophyll-containing organisms in a family that includes more than 20,000 different known species. In cosmetics, algae act as thickening agents, water-binding agents, and antioxidants. Some algae are also potential skin sensitizers. For example, the phycocyanin present in blue-green algae has been suspected of sensitization on the basis of patch tests.
Other forms of algae, such as Irish moss and carrageenan, contain proteins, vitamin A, sugar, starch, vitamin B1, iron, sodium, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, and calcium. Most of these are beneficial for skin, as emollients, soothing agents, or antioxidants. Its high mineral content helps the skin (and hair) retain moisture, reducing the impact of temperature changes and exposure to nature's elements.
Sea kelp bioferment is loaded with antioxidants that prevent damage to amino acids and protects the cell's membrane. Translation? It helps keep your skin safe from the relentless attacks of free radicals, those little unstable molecules that destroy collagen, form wrinkles and speed up the aging process.
Scientific name: Ascophyllum nodosum
Anti Ageing | Anti Oxidant | Minerals
It is full of Vitamin E and Vitamin A. Thanks to the Vitamin E, sweet almond oil keeps your skin cells healthy, protects your skin from UV radiation damage, and helps your skin look smooth, soft, and free of fine lines. The fatty acids help your skin retain moisture and can heal chapped and irritated skin.
Also known as sweet almond oil, this is a non-volatile, non-fragrant oil extracted from the seeds of almonds. Almond oil is a rich source of skin-replenishing ingredients including triglycerides and several fatty acids and it is not known to cause sensitivity.
Because it’s packed with these vitamins and nutrients, sweet almond oil is a natural skincare superpower. If you’re worried about using oil on your skin—especially if you have oily skin—there’s no need to stress. Sweet almond oil is mostly non-comedogenic, which means it’s unlikely to clog your pores.
Scientific name: Prunus amygdalus dulcis
Skin Replenishing | Fatty acids | Sensitive
Apricot oil benefits your skin in everyday and in extraordinary ways. It helps anti-age! It helps soften and sooth! It helps revive and replenish dry, maturing skin types!
If you’re not yet using apricot oil in your skincare regimen, you should be. There are vitamins, antioxidants, fatty acids, essential fatty acids and more. Each is unique and each is beneficial for skin. Out of each group, apricot oils high content of antioxidants makes it especially strong in protecting, preventing and rejuvenating all skin types.
Apricot kernel oil contains high amounts of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, dietary fibre and potassium. Vitamin C and E function as antioxidants, protecting your skin against harmful free-radicals. Vitamin A is excellent for improving skin's elasticity and restoring the integrity of skin's lipid barrier.
Apricot oil moisturises the skin without leaving a greasy residue. It is especially beneficial for oily, hormone reactive or combination skin types. However – because it is so gentle, it can be used on any skin type!
Scientific name: Prunus armeniaca
Vitamin A C E | Anti-Ageing | Non-Greasy
Niacinamide is a skin care ingredient worthy of your attention and your skin will love you for using it. Among a handful of other amazing skin care ingredients such as retinol and vitamin C, niacinamide is a standout because of its versatility for almost any skin care concern and skin type. Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinamide, niacinamide is a water-soluble vitamin that works with the natural substances in your skin to help visibly minimize enlarged pores, tighten lax pores, improve uneven skin tone, soften fine lines and wrinkles, diminish dullness, and strengthen a weakened surface.
There’s no reason to wait to add niacinamide to your skin care routine. This wonderfully versatile B vitamin brings many topical benefits to improve skin’s appearance, so it appears more even, brighter, and younger. As with any great skin care ingredient, it’s important to be diligent about protecting skin daily with a broad-spectrum sunscreen rated SPF 30 or greater. This allows you to get maximum benefit from niacinamide and other proven skin savers.
Scientific name: Nicotinamide
Vitamin B3 | Hydrating | Brightening
Vitamin E has been around in skincare for a long time, which is why it’s so easily overshadowed by the newer, fancier-sounding ingredients. As it turns out, this workhorse ingredient shouldn’t be overlooked; it’s doing more to help protect your skin than you might realise.
One of the most well-known and researched antioxidants for skin. Vitamin E occurs naturally in human skin, but can become depleted due to constant environmental exposure in the absence of sun protection.
There are eight basic forms of the entire fat soluble vitamin E molecule, which are either synthetically or naturally derived. Research has shown that natural forms of vitamin E are more effective than their synthetic counterparts, but both definitely have antioxidant activity. We use Natural Vitamin E in our products.
It offers significant antioxidant properties to help defend from pollution and other environmental stressors that would otherwise weaken and cause unwanted changes in skin.
Scientific name: D-ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Antioxidant | Protect | Anti ageing
Red Clay is rich in iron oxide (important for cellular respiration and electron transfer and copper. Great ability to absorb temperatures and to reduce localised fat. Suitable for body use, to clean completely and deeply the skin; due to its powerful drying capacity helps in healing wounds; assists in the case of rheumatism and arthritis; remove excessive water in the skin; removes excessive oiliness of the skin restoring softness and shine.
Red clay is an effective natural remedy to stimulate blood circulation. By promoting blood flow and providing more oxygen to the muscles, red clay helps muscles relieve chronic injuries or pain. To make good use of this health benefit of red clay, it is important to use it only where there is no acute inflammatory process, that is, only in non-congested areas.
Red clay also has astringent properties, and it is a powerful remedy to promote and stimulate healing and the formation of scars, as it is absorbed very easily and helps drain any impurities in the application zone. Due to its high absorption power, red clay allows the fast neutralization of toxins.
Scientific name: Red Clay
Acne Soothing | Exfoliates | Brightening
For cosmetics and skincare uses, kaolin clay has some important detoxifying and stimulating effects. The clay is a gentle cleanser for any skin type, extracting impurities and absorbing excess oils without causing inflammation or redness. Many people use kaolin clay for acne and for treating breakouts. Kaolin clay has been used for centuries to absorb excess oil from the skin, preventing breakouts before they begin. It's also perfect for helping to restore skin that's been damaged by frequent outbreaks of acne.
Some have found that regular use helps to balance their skin’s oil production, reducing oily skin symptoms. Kaolin clay becomes a smooth paste when combined with water, and its tiny crystals gently exfoliate and refresh the skin. Since it is so gentle, kaolin clay is a fantastic cleanser and detoxifying treatment for sensitive skin.With long term use, kaolin clay can cause your skin to appear more toned and tightened, reducing fine lines and wrinkles. There are also special types of kaolin clays, such as Brazilian red and crude clays that have clinical studies showing extreme improvement in elasticity and firmness.
Scientific name: Kaolin
Soften | Exfoliates | Draws out impurities
Shea butter packs a powerful moisturizing punch. meaning it can soak into your skin and create a moisture-sealing barrier. Shea butter properties like stearic, palmitic, and linoleic acids help strengthen this skin barrier to lock in moisture. Studies have found linoleic acid specifically is beneficial in treating dry skin because it boosts skin hydration and has anti-inflammatory properties.
Shea butter doesn’t just have a rich texture; it’s also a rich source of antioxidants, including quercetin, epicatechin gallate, gallocatechin, epigallocatechin, as well as skin-replenishing fatty acids. It is a wonderful ingredient to see in products designed to improve dry skin.
The vitamins and fatty acids found in this extract offer unique properties that make it an excellent ingredient in various beauty products. It is super rich with: Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Cinnamic Acid, Triterpenes, Phenolic acid and Phytosterols.
Scientific name: Glycerin / Glycerol
Soften | Hydrates | Antioxidant
Glycerin just like Hyaluronic acid is a humectant and draws in moisture from the environment making your skin hydrated, soft and supple.
Glycerin is a humectant that’s present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be derived from natural substances by hydrolysis of fats and by fermentation of sugars; it also can be synthetically manufactured, which is usually the case with modern-day skincare products.
We use Vegetable Glycerin in all our products.
Glycerin is a skin replenishing and restoring ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. It’s one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skin’s moisture level. Essentially, Glycerin is a master of hydration and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.
Scientific name: Glycerin / Glycerol
Soften | Hydrates | Humectant
Pink Clay is rich in Silica, which may help to improve skin elasticity and cell renewal, resulting in supple, younger-looking skin. Gently exfoliating and light on the skin,
Pink Clay leaves skin feeling silky-soft and smooth. Plus, it can help to minimise blackheads and promote a radiant and balanced complexion.
It draws out impurities, toxins and pollutants, and oils that clog the pores. Used regularly, it will help keep your pores clean and prevent breakouts.
Harvested from certain areas of Australia, this clay is packed with botanical extracts and minerals all working together to refine pores, detoxify pollution ridden skin and remove impurities.
Soften | Minimise pores | Exfoliate
Believe it or not, kale is extraordinary for your skin. Rich with Vitamins K, A, and C and loaded with antioxidants and phytonutrients, kale is good for reducing wrinkles, brightening skin tone, and detoxifying pores.
A powerhouse of nutrients and antioxidants. Vitamin C, beta-carotene, and other flavonoids and polyphenols are present which help cleanse your body from within. Kale contains lutein which speeds up collagen production, essential for your skin’s strength. This is the magic property that gifts your skin with a “full” appearance. Also alongside the antioxidant properties, lutein keeps your skin hydrated and cleans out your pores to give you a healthier appearance.
You’ll also find quercetin and kaempferol which help neutralize free-radicals which, if left to their own devices, are a catalyst to aging and even cancer or heart disease.
Scientific name: Brassica Oleracea Capitata (Kale) Leaf Extract
Antioxidant | Detoxify | Vitamins A K & C
Aloe vera (also listed by its Latin name of aloe barbadenis) is a commonly used plant extract that has soothing properties, antioxidant qualities, and serves as a hydrating agent for skin due to its polysaccharide and sterol content. Aloe is a good ingredient, but its benefits tend to be over exaggerated in the cosmetics worlds and more research is needed in regards to its effectiveness for some of the more outlandish or miraculous-sounding claims.
In pure form straight from the leaves, aloe vera’s benefits for skin include its lack of occlusion and the refreshing sensation it provides (hence, why it’s in common “after sun” products).
Aloe Vera is used in organic skin care products, in the place of water as base for hydration and as an anti-inflammatory star. Its benefits are due to a combination of a very wide range of goodies including Vitamins A and B, folic acid, enzymes, proteins, amino acids, good fatty acids and triglycerides.
Aloe vera gel absorbs easily, making it ideal for oily skin. However, it can help treat dry skin, too.
Scientific name: aloe barbadenis
Soothing | calming | hydrating
The oil from this fruit is an excellent source of skin-replenishing fatty acids, including omega-3 linolenic acid, omega-6 linoleic acid, oleic acid, and beta sitosterol. These work on skin’s surface to preserve moisture and prevent water loss that can lead to signs of dehydrated skin.
Avocado oil not only replenishes, smooths, and softens skin, it’s also able to visibly calm skin and is a good source of natural antioxidants such as vitamins A, C, D, and E. On compromised skin, avocado oil has been shown to boost skin’s hydroxyproline content, an amino acid that plays a key role in reinforcing a firm feeling along with strengthening skin’s barrier.
Oil from the avocado seed is a good source of a group of antioxidants known as polyphenols, which includes catechin, epicatechin, and 3-leucoanthocyanidins. These have a synergistic effect on neutralising many types of free radicals before they can damage skin.
Scientific name: Persea gratissima
Antioxidant | Hydrating | Vitamins A C D E
Blueberry fruit extract is a natural ingredient that is used for its potent antioxidant and skin-conditioning benefits. Blueberry contains several types of antioxidants (known as polyphenolics) that are not only healthy for your body when eaten but also for your skin when applied via skincare products. Along with polyphenol antioxidants, blueberries are also a good source of vitamin C, although the polyphenol-based antioxidants are present in far greater amounts.
Research has shown that the antioxidants in blueberries are particularly adept at shielding skin from the unwanted changes in skin that occur when it’s exposed to visible and infrared light. Essentially, the blueberries work to intercept damage before it takes hold, leading to healthier-looking skin. Just to be clear, though, blueberries do not replace a broad-spectrum sunscreen; rather, their benefits complement what sunscreen does to protect skin.
Scientific name: Vaccinum Angustifolium
Antioxidant | Detoxify | Vitamins A K & C
Natural ingredient used as a thickening agent, texture enhancer, and to stabilize emulsions, which is a general term for mixtures of unlike substances such as oil and water.
Fatty alcohol that is a mixture of gentle cetyl and stearyl alcohols. It’s used as an emollient, texture enhancer, foam stabilizer, and carrying agent for other ingredients. Can be derived naturally, as in coconut fatty alcohol, or made synthetically. Cosmetic products labeled "alcohol free" are allowed to contain cetearyl alcohol, whose effects are quite different from skin-aggravating forms of alcohol.
**Fatty alcohols like cetearyl alcohol do not pose a risk of sensitising skin.
A synthetic skin-softening agent also used as a preservative, a carrier, or suspending agent for other preservatives such as phenoxyethanol.
Compounds of iron that are used as coloring agents in some cosmetics. Synthetic iron oxides are produced in various ways, including thermal decomposition of iron salts, such as ferrous sulfate, to produce reds; precipitation to produce yellows, reds, browns, and blacks; and reduction of organic compounds by iron to produce yellows and blacks.”
Phenoxyethanol is a widely used synthetic preservative that has global approval for use in all cosmetic products in concentrations up to 1%. It’s often used in even lower amounts, such as when combined with other ingredients like ethylhexylglycerin. In this case, lower amounts of phenoxyethanol can be just as effective as the maximum approved amount. Phenoxyethanol is incredibly versatile: It works in a large range of formulas and pH ranges, has broad spectrum activity against many pathogens you don’t want multiplying in your skincare products, is stable, and is compatible with many other preservatives used in cosmetics.
Glyceryl stearate citrate is an ester of citric acid and glyceryl stearate. Depending on the formula and how much is used, this ingredient can work as an emollient, emulsifier, or even a surfactant. Glyceryl stearate citrate is typically plant-derived, such as from vegetable oils, or synthetic (Paula’s Choice uses the former), but depending on the supplier, the glyceryl stearate portion of this ingredient may be animal-derived.
This ingredient has been evaluated for safety as used in cosmetics, and was deemed safe and non-sensitizing.
Fatty acid used as an emollient and emulsifier. It has been shown to protect skin's surface against water loss and help shore up skin's protective barrier. Stearic acid may be synthetic or animal-derived. We use vegan friendly Synthetic.
A synthetic or plant-derived thickening agent and emulsifier used in cosmetics. It’s considered a fatty alcohol, and is not related to sensitising forms of alcohol.
Sugar-derived ingredient used as a gentle detergent cleansing agent.
Used as an emollient and thickening agent in cosmetics.
Also known as lye, sodium hydroxide is a highly alkaline ingredient used in small amounts in cosmetics to establish and hold the pH of a product.
A mixture of the fatty acids from olive oil plus a dehydrated sugar known as sorbitol. Sorbitan olivate may be synthetic or plant-derived. It functions as an emulsifier and mild cleansing agent. Sorbitan-derived ingredients are considered safe for use on skin.
An oily, somewhat waxy ester of cetearyl alcohol and the fatty acids from olive oil. Cetearyl olivate may be animal-derived, synthetic or derived from plants. It functions as an emulsifier and slip agent or texture enhancer.
Cetearyl alcohol-based ingredients are considered safe for use on skin.
Earth-derived silicate minerals included in products to give them sparkle and shine as well as varying degrees of opacity. The amount and look of the shine mica provides depends on the colour and how finely it’s milled for use in liquid, cream, or powder products. It is considered safe for use in cosmetics, including those applied to the eyes and lips.
A type of silicone, dimethicone is one of the most frequently used emollient ingredients in moisturisers due to its gentleness and effectiveness. Dimethicone is considered a synthetic ingredient, even though it’s derived from natural silicon.
Applied to skin, dimethicone forms a permeable barrier that works to prevent moisture loss and impart a wonderfully silky feel.
Dimethicome is considered safe as used in cosmetic products.
Group of safe synthetic texture enhancers used primarily to create gel-like formulations. High amounts of carbomers in a gel may result in the product rolling or balling up of cosmetic products on skin, but this phenomenon depends on other formulary steps taken to minimize this effect.
Gentle surfactant used in skincare products, almost always as a secondary cleansing agent and lather booster. When used alone as the sole cleansing agent, it is too mild to clean adult skin and hair. Cocamidopropyl betaine may be plant-derived or synthetic, with either form considered safe for use in cosmetic products. It is considered low risk for sensitising skin, although impurities resulting from poor manufacturing can increase the risk.
Fatty alcohol that is used to thicken cosmetics and keep ingredients mixed together and stable.
Skin and hair conditioning agent that may be plant-derived or synthetic. Often used as part of a preservative blend in cosmetics.
Used primarily as a cleansing agent; considered gentle and effective. Natural and can be derived from coconut.
Both cocamide DEA (diethanolamine) and MEA (monoethanolamine) are widely used to thicken the water phase of cosmetics, keep ingredients blended, and boost foaming properties. Derived from plants (typically coconut oil) or made synthetically, these ingredients have been thoroughly evaluated for safety and are permitted for use in leave-on products in concentrations up to 10%. Cocamide DEA can react with other ingredients to form harmful substances known as nitrosamines.
More popularly known as common table salt. Used primarily as a binding agent in skincare products and occasionally as an abrasive in scrub products. Perhaps the most common use of sodium chloride in cosmetics is as a thickening agent. Salt is commonly used to thicken the water (also known as aqueous) phase of shampoos, body washes, and non-soap facial cleansers. It’s an inexpensive and highly effective, versatile ingredient included in numerous types of cosmetics.
Mineral found abundantly in sandstone, clay, and granite, as well as in parts of plants and animals. Silica can also be produced synthetically and is used as an absorbent powder and thickening agent in cosmetics. Certain forms of silica can improve even distribution of pigments in cosmetics and prevents them from settling in makeup.
Salt of benzoic acid used as a preservative in both cosmetics and food products. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has designated it a “generally recognized as safe” ingredient.
Sugar-derived ingredient used as a gentle detergent cleansing agent.
PEG-40 stearate typically functions as a cleansing agent, but also helps keep ingredients solubolized.